Introducing Marma Science

Marma science and Marma therapy is an untouched chapter of Indian surgery. With the exploration of Marma science, the whole scenario of Indian surgery may change in multidimensional approaches. As previously Yoga was the means of achieving spiritual gain and these days Yoga is a tool for health promotion, in the same way, the implementation of Marma therapy may help in different medical and surgical lesions and to combat most of the diseases from which man suffers.

Among the hidden sciences (Gupta Vidya) of India, Marma science is the most important. The human body is the basis of all types of activities. One can achieve many mortal and immortal gains from this body. In another reference it is said that the human body is the seat of diseases. Can any individual be able to get any gains from ill-health? Is there any means to keep the body healthy? In answer to these questions we can confidently say yes, and with the knowledge of Marma, one can achieve it. According to Ayurvedic texts the Marmas are the points, when injured, may be life-threatening. Marmas are not superficial landmarks on the body surface but these are deep seated important physio-anatomical structures. When stimulated appropriately, they can preserve health and cure disease.

The knowledge of Marma is the oldest hidden treasure of Vedic surgical skill.Many ancient saints got the knowledge of Marma and practiced this knowledge for the betterment of suffering humanity. Ancient Rishis, the experts of Marma knowledge, developed the Marma science and therapy for suffereing humanity, and for those people who are engaged in the activities of service to humanity and are seekers of achieving the highest state of consciousness. However, it gradually became a hidden science and only the kings and warriors knew it. Why did it become a hidden science?

To reply this question, it is important to know what Marma is . Accoding to medical definition, the specific part of the body, which are very vulnerable to trauma, is known as Marma. Any trauma to these places mat lead to death and many other complications regarding the physiological and anatomical functions. These places are know as vital points and are the source of energy, and by stimulating them, there can be many physical and spiritual gains. So these places should be preserved and not be exposed to any trauma. Therefore the Marma science was obscured and hidden for a long period of thousands of and know only to kings and warriors years.

In the present times, with due precaution, this hidden treasure of Vedic surgical skill can help greatly to relieve the suffering of humanity. However, till date, the knowledge of Marma science is not well-known to the practioners of Ayurveda so this science has not flourished like the other specialities of Ayurveda.

Persons engaged in higher spiritual practices cannot practice Yoga, pranayama, and other physical practices to keep their body fit due to their specific lifestyle. They can, however, attain the same result and enjoy a similar outcome with Marma therapy, which enables them to attain physical well,being, mental calmness and spiritual gains and self-realisation.Ancient Rishis had devoped this knowledge and it is inherent even in many day to day spiritual practices and given as instruction in religious texts.

Conventional religious practices in daily life related with marma science

A number of traditional religious rituals and practices are common in the life of an Indian. Many day-to-day works affect the marmas.

  1. Special type of footwear (khadau) gives pressure on kshipra marma situated between the big toe and second toe of foot. It gives positive effect on the mental status of a person. It directly affects the excitatory activity of mind. It also cools the mind, prevents indulgence in sexual act and helps in celibacy. Persons involved in spiritual practices uses such type of footwear.
  2. Application of different kind of substances such as sandalwood paste on forehead, middle of the eyebrows, neck and other vital points situated all over the body.
  3. Application of sindur on the middle of the head.
  4. Keeping the hair tuft over the top of the head.
  5. Application of tilaka on forehead between eyebrows.
  6. Regular consideration and palpation or touch of marmas with the chanting of mantras during the religious activities.
  7. Application of pious threads around the right ear during the evacuation of urine and stool.
  8. In Muslim community, adaptation of specific posture during prayer, five times a day.
  9. Clapping during satsanga and offering prayer.

In ancient times, in the Vedic tradition, it was mandatory and part and parcel of daily spiritual, religious practices and rituals to concentrate or remember and touch/press these marma points regularly. During the Rudrabhisheka (offering to Lord Shiva) marmachchhadana was mandatory prior to the main offering. In offerings to different gods and goddesses this is present in the form of karanyasa and anganyasa. In these references general terms are used for marma points, as sites in the bodywhere Marma points are inherent, like Nabhi(umblicus), Hridaya(heart), etc.

Regular self-marma practice offers long life by keeping away from the developmental changes, old age, decay, disease and death. With self-marma practice, vital energy reaches in every part of the body uninterruptedly. Therefore one can get absolute consciousness with the help of regular self-marma practice.

Some important facts about Marma, in brief

1. Marma Science has mention in ancient texts like the Vedas, Brahmanas, Upanishads, Puranas and Samhitas including the Sushruta Samhita. In these texts are incorporated the knowledge of Marma Science which in fact existed even before these texts, and which had origin in a timeless period. It is a system which is existing in the human body from the time of evolution of the human being and was not devised/invented by anyone. It exists in Nature.
Whereas Marma Science pertaining to martial arts wounding, prevention, protection and healing of battle wound was preserved to a very small extent, its curative aspect was almost lost. Some people in South India had a very limited and perhaps distorted knowledge of it.
In the present times, its curative aspect has been explored, exposed and experimented with successfully through academic and practical research in Mrityunjay Mission, through the pioneering effort of Dr Sunil Kumar Joshi, who has conducted research nd treatment through Marma Science and Therapy since 1991.

2. The basis of Marma Science is 107 vital points in the body, which are locatable in anatomically defined sites. They are therefore accurate and results potent. They are also locatable through measurement of one’s own body parts as well as through and in spontaneous human postures.
3 The points for various diseases are different in Marma Science and Therapy from acupressure. They are not the same points.Through Marma therapy some of the diseases can be handled are as follows:

  • All kinds of vata disorders
  • Arthritis
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Congenital brain / nerve lesions
  • Diabetes
  • Epilepsy
  • Eye and ear nerve problems
  • Migraine
  • Orthopaedic diseases
  • Pains in various parts of the body
  • Paralysis
  • Polio
  • Sciatica, backache, painful knee diseases
  • Spinal / vertebral diseases, prolapses inter-vertebral disc / slipped disc
  • Spondylosis
  • Traumatic nerve lesions, vascular, skeletal lesions

4. The methods of Marma Therapy resort to simple finger pressure or vibration and do not use instruments, like in acupressure or acupuncture. It is a non-invasive method, unlike acupuncture.

5. Stimulation of Marma points is inherent in Yogasanas, Mudras and PranayamaSimilar stimulation can be done directly through regular self-marma therapy, like Yogic practice, for maintenance and promotion of health at all levels physical, mental and spiritual.

6. The application and results of Marma Therapy are fairly comprehensive and long duration, but often results are immediate as well as permanent. Marma Therapy is accurately targeted with a definite premise, and does not rely on multiple points/sets of points for a particular disease.

Marma and Acupressure

Some Points

1. Marma Science has mention in ancient texts like the Vedas, Brahmanas, Upanishads, Puranas and Samhitas including the Sushruta Samhita. In these texts are incorporated the knowledge of Marma Science which in fact existed even before these texts, and which had origin in a timeless period. It is a system which is existing in the human body from the time of evolution of the human being and was not devised/invented by anyone. It exists in Nature.
Whereas Marma Science pertaining to martial arts wounding, prevention, protection and healing of battle wound was preserved to a very small extent, its curative aspect was almost lost. Some people in South India had a very limited and perhaps distorted knowledge of it.

Acupressure is a Far Eastern practice and perhaps spread from India, but its original basis was lost. It has been in existence since 2 or 3 thousand years, since the time of the Buddha.

2. The basis of Marma Science is 107 vital points in the body, which are locatable in anatomically defined sites. They are therefore accurate and results potent. They are also locatable through and in different spontaneous human postures and by measurement of ones own body parts.

Acupressure is based on meridians (routes of psychic energy) which are assessed differently by different persons and the cumulative resultant was developed as acupressure and other Oriental medical practices like shiatsu, moxibustion, kampo,, tsubo and anma.

3. The points for various diseases are different in Marma Science and Therapy from acupressure. They are not the same points.

4. The methods of Marma Therapy resort to simple finger pressure or vibration and do not use instruments, like in acupressure or acupuncture. It is a non-invasive method, unlike acupuncture.

5. Stimulation of Marma points is inherent in Yogasanas, Mudras and Pranayama. Similar stimulation can be done directly through regular self-marma therapy, like Yogic practice, for maintenance and promotion of health at all levels physical, mental and spiritual.

6. The application and results of Marma Therapy are fairly comprehensive and long duration, but often results are immediate as well as permanent. We cannot compare the results of Marma Science with other Oriental Science because Marma Therapy is more accurately targeted with a definite premise, and does not rely on multiple points/sets of points for a particular disease.

Marma Points Are Inherent in Human Postures

In this universe a number of species of animals and plants are in existence, along with the human being. According to Indian mythology, eighty four lakh species are in existence in this world. The soul then comes into the human being crossing all these species.

All species have their own identity and some specific property/value along with their posture. In yogic texts, forty eight lakh postures are enumerated, but with the descriptive importance only eighty four postures are discussed. Among them, in the light of practice and response, all these postures are not in use. Only some important ones are practiced regularly. Usually these postures are concerned with Hatha yoga asanas. It is apparent that these postures are popular for the prevention of disease, has therapeutic means in different diseases and for gaining energy.

Among these postures, only a few are related with the human being. A number of unusual animal-like postures are forcefully adopted. With these exercises it is accepted that we are gaining some special response for extraordinary purpose.

There is a strange fact to be noted here. Among all yogasanas, there are only three postures related to the human being: Garbhasana, Sukhasana and Shavasana. These relate to human life. But so many other asanas take their name from animals, plants and other forms of life. For example, Mayurasana, Shalabhasana, Kurmasana, Bhujangasana etc.

But does a lion adopt a tortoise posture or a snake adopt a peacocks posture for any benefit? So, why do we adopt postures based on other forms of life, overlooking human postures? The amazing fact is that in our ordinary human postures several marma points are inherent and get stimulated and give us great benefit.

As you know we adopt some postures for different routine or specific works. As for the cycle or motorcycle driving we have to adopt specific posture, official work or computer work needs sitting posture on chair, in the same way the human being adopts a number of poses during day-to- day life. A number of postures are adopted in sitting, standing and sleeping activities and these postures are very useful in all respects of life, because they are unconsciously and spontaneously stimulating marma points.

Many of these human postures are spontaneous and based on urges arising in the body and mind just as passing stools and urine. But if we acknowledge, recognize and implement/practise these urges of spontaneous human postures, which are the need of the body at that particular time, then we derive still greater benefit.

Now let us see some of these postures which we unthinkingly assume in day-to-day life and we were never aware that they serve us by stimulating our vital or marma points.

Missing PhotoSmash gallery: 4

Technique of self-marma therapy

Preparation for self-marma therapy for prophylaxis or for reenergizing the vitality: -

Marma therapy is an uncomplicated and easy-to-learn technique of regaining the vital energy.

1. Posture: - For successful practice of self-marma therapy, posture is important. The practitioner must remain steady, quiet and mentally alert during this practice. A sitting posture is most convenient for the practitioners. Usually one should assume a posture of cross-legged position, keeping the spine erect. Keep the hands on the knees in upward position or one can adopt the jnana mudra.

The most common postures for the practice of self-marma therapy are-

  1. Simple cross-legged posture
    (Sukhasana)
  2. Lotus posture
    (Padmasana)
  3. Half lotus posture
    (Ardha padmasana)
  4. Diamond posture
    (Vajrasana)
  5. Sitting posture on chair
  6. Standing posture

In exceptional circumstance, lying down position (recumbent posture) may also be adopted.

However the lotus posture is the best pose. But the practitioner can adopt any one of these postures during the self-marma therapy practice. If one cannot adopt some specific posture he can do practices in any posture any time and anywhere. During the practice one should try to keep the vertebral column erect and achieve the relaxation of the body musculature. In sitting and standing postures keep the neck and spine in straight line without stiffness or tilting towards any direction. In standing posture, the feet should be parallel to each other. The arms should hang down loosely from the shoulder joints near to the body with open palms facing inwards with straightened fingers.

Pre therapy exercises: – It comprises the following steps: -

  1. Total relaxation of body.
  2. Deep breathing exercise.
  3. Perception of body as whole.
  4. Perception of psychic centers.
  5. Perception of marma points.
  6. Gentle massage with thumb and fingers over the marma points.

Then comes the actual therapy consisting of application of pressure with thumb or fingers over the marma points.

  • After adopting the proper posture keep the eyes closed gently and exhale forcefully. Then inhale deeply for 5-10 times in rhythmic pattern.
  • Try to relax the whole body musculature. Relax the body and mind to remove physical and mental tension.
  • Concentrate your mind on marma points respectively. Initially concentrate your mind on guda (anal region), nabhi (umbilicus), hridaya (heart), kantha (junction of thorax and neck), bhrumadhya (middle of the eyes) and top of the head.
  • Start pressing the marma in the lower and upper extremities from centre to periphery.
  • For a male start from the right side, in the case of a female start from the left side of the body.

 

Self-marma therapy on the upper extremity: – Press this vital point with the middle finger for 5-10 times. Below the shoulder two marmas, ani and urvi are also pressed in the same manner with the fingers of the other hand. Another important marmapoint is at the elbow joint; try to press the lateral and medial aspect gently. This point is known as  Usually these points are very painful and initially one can feel severe pain at this site. But the pain decreases after two or three days spontaneously.

Indravasti marma is situated in the middle of the forearm. Manibandha marma (wrist joint) is an important vital point. It is also pressed with the grip of index finger and thumb of another hand. For kshipra marma stretch out the thumb at 90 degree angle and find out the mid point at the base of the thumb. Kshipra marma is situated at the junction of thumb and index finger. Both the marma can be pressed with the help of index finger and thumb of other hand.  For tala hridaya marma, in the open palm, flex the middle finger and try to touch the area above the thenear eminence; the depressed area in the line of the middle finger above thenear eminence is talahridaya marma. This marma also can be pressed with the help of index finger and thumb of other hand.

Self-marma therapy on the lower extremity: - Sitting in the cross legged position one can press the marmas of the lower extremity. In this posture the marmas of the foot i.e. tala hridaya and kshipra can be treated properly.  The area between the big toe and the second toe at the base of the big toe is assessed as kshipra marma. The position of the talahridaya can be checked from the sketch. Adopt the thunder bolt pose or lying thunder bolt pose for the stimulation of marmas of the lower extremity.

Self-marma therapy on the back: -Any posture in which hyper flexion and hyper extension is attained can stimulate the marma of the back. In the upper extremity, place the hand on the opposite shoulder respectively, near the neck. At the position where the tip of middle finger rests on the shoulder, there is amsa marma. For stimulating the amsa marma sit in sukhasana or on a chair, and keeping the upper arm parallel to the thorax place the hand on the opposite shoulder easily, near the lateral side of neck and press the point where the tip of the middle finger rests. This position indicates the location of the amsa marma.

Sub scapular vessels (brihati marma) can be stimulated by keeping the arms across the back of the opposite side just behind the nipple. Renal angles can be stimulated by keeping the hands on the iliac crest. During this pose the thumb is placed on parsva sandhi marma.

Self-marma therapy on the head and neck: - For stimulation of vital points of the head and neck different pranayama and blowing of oral cavity is important. For the vidhura marma put the hand over the head towards the ear of the opposite side, where the tip of the middle finger reaches easily. This is the vidhura marma on either side.

Different marmas of the face and head can be stimulated by giving pressure, very gently, with the help of the finger tip over the particular marma. These points can be consulted from the sketch.

Time taken for self-marma therapy: – This self-marma therapy is the shortest way of keeping the entire human system healthy and fit. At any time, at any place and in any pose one can stimulate the marmas of upper and lower extremities as well as the marmas of other parts of the body. It takes maximum five to ten minutes to complete the self-marma therapy.

Marma Science and Therapy can be presented as a super healing science or spiritual healing technique. Usually self marma therapy should be done two times a day, in the morning and evening, (5-6 A.M and 5-6 PM). In spite of this instruction it can be practised any time, anywhere, in any condition or posture, but if it is performed in relaxed state, the results are more promising and fruitful. As we know, according to the old Indian or Vedic ritnals the trikal sandhya is indicated. One has to perform worship of the Almighty, three times (morning, noon and evening) a day. According to Muslim religion five times Namaz (prayer) is mandatory. So self- marma therapy can be done three to five times a day also according to the severity of disease and need.

Regular self-marma practice offers long life by keeping away the effects of developmental changes, like old age, decay, disease and death. With self-marma practice, vital energy reaches every part of the body uninterruptedly. Regular practice of self-marma therapy makes a great contribution in the effort to attain supreme consciousness.